What is Zenker’s Diverticulum? Zenker’s diverticulum is a condition in which a pouch (diverticulum) forms in the wall of the pharynx (throat) just above the upper oesophagal sphincter. It is a rare condition that occurs when the muscle at the bottom of the oesophagus (the sphincter) doesn’t work properly, allowing food and other materials to
What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease? Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a serious infection of the female reproductive organs, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is most commonly caused by bacteria, such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea, which enter the body through the cervix and spread to other parts of the reproductive system. Symptoms of
What is Mycoplasma Genitalium (MGen)? Mycoplasma Genitalium (MGen) is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that affects the urogenital tract in both men and women. It is caused by the bacterium Mycoplasma Genitalium and is typically spread through sexual contact. Symptoms can include discharge, pain during urination, and bleeding between menstrual periods in women. If left
What is Human Papillomavirus Infection Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection that can cause genital warts and cervical cancer. It is caused by a group of viruses that can infect the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals, anus, and mouth. The virus is spread through skin-to-skin contact, usually during sexual activity.
What is Genital Herpes? Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of herpes simplex virus, type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). Genital herpes is usually caused by HSV-2, but can also be caused by HSV-1. Symptoms include painful sores or blisters in the
What is Ramsay Hunt Syndrome? Ramsay Hunt Syndrom also known as Herpes Zoster Oticus, is caused by the same virus (Varicella Zoster) that caused Chickenpox and Shingles. Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is a complication of shingles, in which the infection causes a rash and blisters on one side of the face, usually around the ear.
What is HIV / AIDS? HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically the T-cells (also known as CD4 cells), which are responsible for fighting off infections. HIV attacks and destroys these cells, making it difficult for the body to fight off other infections and diseases. If left untreated, HIV
What is Shingles (Herpes Zoster)? Shingles or Herpes Zoster is a viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox. Varicella-zoster is part of a group of viruses known as herpes viruses. This is the same group that includes the viruses that cause genital herpes and cold sores. As a result, shingles is
What is Hepatitis E? Hepatitis E is a viral infection that affects the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV), which is primarily spread through contaminated water or food. Symptoms of hepatitis E include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite. In most cases,
What is Hepatitis D? Hepatitis D, also known as “delta hepatitis,” is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV). It is a rare form of viral hepatitis that can only occur in people who are already infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). HDV is a small, circular RNA virus that