January 2023 - Page 2 of 4 - C.I.P.H.I

Month: January 2023

Hepatitis B

What is Hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is transmitted through contact with the blood or other bodily fluids of an infected person. Symptoms of hepatitis B can include fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and

What is Hepatitis A ?

What is Hepatitis A? Hepatitis A is one of the several types of hepatitis, i.e. hepatitis b, hepatitis c, hepatitis d, hepatitis d, and e. It is a highly contagious viral infection that causes inflammation of the liver and is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is primarily spread through contaminated food or

Gonorrhea Symptoms and treatment

What is Gonorrhea? Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It can infect both men and women and can cause a variety of symptoms, including painful urination, discharge from the genitals, and, in women, bleeding between periods. If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to serious health problems such as

Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection

What is Chlamydia Trachomatis? Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection Chlamydia trachomatis infection is caused by a bacterial infection that is transmitted through sexual contact. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and can cause a variety of symptoms, including discharge from the genitals and pain while urinating. In some cases, however, the infection

Bacterial Vaginosis

What is Bacterial Vaginosis? Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common condition that occurs when there is an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. This can cause symptoms such as a fishy odor, discharge, and itching or burning. BV is caused by a disruption in the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina, which can occur

Zika Virus Infection

What is Zika Virus? The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne infection caused by the Zika virus. It was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in rhesus monkeys, and later in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. The virus is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected Aedes

Vaginal Yeast Infection

What is Vaginal Yeast Infection? Vaginal Yeast Infection also known as ”Vaginal Candidiasis” is a fungal infection affecting the vagina, which causes severe itching, fluid discharge, and burning inside the vaginal, vaginal opening, and vulva. It is caused by the overgrowth of a fungus called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a yeast infection can include vaginal

Xerosis / Dry Skin

What is Xerosis / Dry Skin? Xerosis also known as dry skin, is a condition characterized by dry, rough, and flaky skin. It is often caused by a lack of moisture in the skin, but can also be a result of certain medications, underlying medical conditions, or environmental factors. Symptoms of xerosis may include itching,

Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

What is Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia? Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM), sometimes known as ”Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma” is a rare type of cancer that affects the immune system. It is a type of lymphoma, which is a cancer of the white blood cells. In WM, the cancer cells produce too much of a protein called immunoglobulin M (IgM), which can